1 2


1. Mann, W.C., Le Prell, G.S. (2014). “Assistive Devices,” in Textbook of Neural Repair and Rehabilitation, 2nd edition, Selzer, M.E. et al., editors, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK

Shechtman, O. The Coefficient of Variation as an Index of Measurement Reliability. In: Doi, S.A.R. & Williams, G.M. (Eds.): Methods of Clinical Epidemiology. Springer Series on Epidemiology and Public Health, 2013, pp. 39-49.

Shechtman, O. and Sindhu, B.S: Grip Strength. In: American Society of Hand Therapists Clinical Assessment Recommendations, Editor: McDermid, J. An Electronic Book Chapter. Retrieved on 9/26/2013 from: http://www.asht.org/sites/default/files/downloads/2013/asht-13-cabooks-02-grip.pdf.

Shechtman, O. The Coefficient of Variation as an Index of Measurement Reliability. In: Methods of Clinical Epidemiology. Editors: Doi, S. A.R. and Williams, G.M. Springer Series on Epidemiology and Public Health, 2013, pp. 39-49.


Kreider, C. M., Bendixen, R. M., Huang, Y. Y., Lim, Y. (2014). Review of occupational therapy intervention research in the practice area of children and youth 2009-2013. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 68, e61–e73. http://dx.doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2014.011114.

Gitlin N Laura, Mann C William, Vogel Bruce W, Arthur B Paul A Non-Pharmacologic Approach to Address Challenging Behaviors of Veterans with Dementia: Description of the Tailored Activity Program-VA Randomized Trial. BMC Geriatrics, September, 2013, http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2318/13/96.

Zukowski LA, Roper J, Shechtman O, Otzel DM, Bouwkamp J, Tillman MD. A Comparison of Metabolic Cost, Performance, and Efficiency of Propulsion Using an Ergonomic Hand Drive Mechanism and a Conventional Manual Wheelchair. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 95:546-551, 2014.

The purpose of this article is to present the clinician and researcher with a contemporary 8-stage framework for measurement scale development based on a mixed-methods qualitative and quantitative approach. Core concepts related to item response theory are presented. Qualitative methods are described to conceptualize scale constructs; obtain patient, family, and other stakeholder perspectives; and develop item pools. Item response theory statistical methodologies are presented, including approaches for testing the assumptions of unidimensionality, local independence, monotonicity, and indices of model fit. Lastly, challenges faced by scale developers in implementing these methodologies are discussed.

Shechtman, O., Sindhu, B.S., Davenport P. Using the “Visual Target Grip Test” to Identify Sincerity of Effort during Grip Strength Testing. Journal of Hand Therapy, 25(3): 320-329, 2012.

Sindhu, B.S., Shechtman, O., Veazie, P.J. Identifying Sincerity of Effort Based on the Combined Predictive Ability of Multiple Grip Strength Tests. Journal of Hand Therapy, 25(3): 308-319, 2012.







Conference Presentations

STISIM Drive® Simulator opens in new window



Contact Us

Continuing Education